To gain a strong foundation in nursing practice and develop an understanding of nurse care, students should be well-versed in nursing theory.
View several common nursing theories:
- Helen Erickson Response
- In Celebration of Virginia Avenue
- Inspiration for the Modeling
- Johnson Behavioral System
Submit a Nursing Theory
This collection of nursing theories is consistently updated. If you find other sites for any nursing theorists or you would like your work to be posted to this site, please email Dr. Lisa Wright Eichelberger at email@example.com.
As with any material on the web, you must evaluate its validity and reliability. Download a check list to help in your evaluation, and good luck with your searches. - If you would like to contribute working links for this page, find any broken links or would like to make suggestions for improving the site, please send an email to Dr. Lisa Wright Eichelberger.
Nursing Theory Art Gallery
View this art gallery where students post their artistic interpretation of various nursing theories. Email Dr. Lisa Wright Eichelberger to post yours!
General Nursing Theory Information
Eichelberger, L. W. (2011). Pioneering nursing theory on the world wide web – Evolution of nursing theory on the internet. In Sitzman, K., and Eichelberger, L. W., Understanding the work of nurse theorists: A creative beginning. 2nd Edition. pp.217-226. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Rear Admiral Faye Glenn Abdellah
Description of Dr. Abdellah's 21 nursing problems
Listing of documents at NIH related to Dr. Abdellah's work
Homepage for Dr. Hubert Dreyfus Emeriti Professor 2009-2010
University of California – Berkley
Boykin and Schoenhofer's Theory Nursing As Caring
International Association for Human Caring website
Corbin and Strauss Chronic Illness Framework
Medline Reference to article by Corbin
Information on Nursing Model Website
Dr. Joanne Duffy's Quality-Caring Model
Facilitated Sensemaking Midrange Theory
Citations for literature using Facilitated Sensemaking as model
Joyce J. Fitzpatrick's Life Perspective Rhythm Model
Link to Biographical Sketch about Fitzpatrick
Link to NLN journal where Dr. Fitzpatrick is Editor
Lydia E. Hall's Core, Care and Cure Circles
Hodges' Health Career Model (HCM)
Dorothy Johnson's Behavioral Systems Model
Bio sketch at Vanderbilt University Website
Listing of articles written by or about Johnson's Model - Mayo Clinic Library
Imogene King's Open Systems Model
Personal Note: Dr. Imogene King passed away on December 24th 2007. We lost one of the pioneers in nursing theory. At the time of her death, she was professor emeritus at the University of South Florida in Tampa.
Kathy Kolcaba's Theory of Comfort
Website for information about Dr. Kolcaba's book on Comfort
CEU article on Kolcaba’s Theory of Comfort
Leininger's Transcultural Nursing
The Transcultural Nursing Society and Transcultural Nursing Society Website
Basic Concepts of Transcultural Nursing
Levine's Conservation Model
Care and Vulnerability - Martinsen's Book in English
*I no longer have a valid email address for Dr. Martinsen
Afaf Meleis-Transitions Model
Meleis' Theoretical Nursing: Development and Progress 4th Edition 2006
This definitive text demonstrates the connection between theoretical nursing and nursing practice, and shows how research is related to both.
Ramona Mercer's Role Attainment
Merle Mishel - Uncertainty in Illness Model
Managing Uncertainty in Cancer Webpage
Modeling and Role-Modeling Theory
Modeling and Role-Modeling: A View from the Client’s World, (Ed. H. Erickson, 2006) New book expands the underlying concepts of the theory and paradigm in Erickson, Tomlin & Swain, 1983 book. It is designed to complement the original book, not to replace it..
Explanation of the inspiration for the MRM theory by Dr. Helen Erickson
Answers to questions from students by Dr. Erickson
Betty Neuman Systems Model
Overview of Neuman Model
Link to Neuman, B. & Fawcett, J. (Eds.) (2002). The Neuman Systems Model (4th Ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ. Prentice Hall.
Online Power Point Presentation by Dr. Newman of her theory!!!! PDF file
Site for the Online Exhibit of Dr. Margaret A. Newman's work University of Tennessee Health Science Library
Dr. Eichelberger's Clayton State University International Health Care Students at the Nightingale Museum May 2006
Miss Nightingales' Uniform hanging in the Nightingale Museum
Narration about Nightingale's work on YouTube
Mrs. Seacole loved hats -Dress up center in the Nightingale Museum
Search the Nightingale Letters 39 letters from the University of Kansas Nurses Alumni Association
Country Joe McDonald's Tribute to Florence Nightingale
Florence Nightingale, Avenging Angel book
Modern History Sourcebook: Florence Nightingale: Rural Hygiene
Miss Nightingale's use of statistics in the Crimean War
Miss Nightingale's Mathematical education
Ida Jean Orlando
On line Audio/Video of Orlando describing her life and development of her theory
Dorothea E. Orem's Self-Care Deficit Theory (SCDNT)
BellaOnLine - The Voice of Women Website on Orem
Rosemarie Rizzo Parse
Online source for Nursing Science Quarterly journal Dr. Parse edits
Link to source for purchasing Dr. Parse's book "The Human Becoming School of Thought"
Listserv to join discussion group
Paterson and Zderad's Humanistic Nursing Theory
Paterson and Zderad's Humanistic Nursing Theory Website authored by Karen Decker-Brown RN
Humanistic Nursing Theory This site will link you to Dr. Susan Kleiman, Professor, Lehman College, who can offer insight into the Humanistic Theory. Dr. Kleiman has many of Paterson's and Zderad's unpublished papers and personal interviews in her possession.
Pender's Health Promotion Model
Health Promotion Assumptions by Dr. Pender
Q.U.E.S.T. Model for Reflective Practice
Model deals with nurse as wounded healer and self transcendence by Dr. Marion Conti-O'Hare For more information about the model, you can reach Dr. Conti-O'Hare's site here.
*Conti-O Hare, M. (2002). The nurse as wounded healer: From trauma to transcendence. Sudbury, MA: Jones and Bartlett.
Pamela Reed's Mid Range Theory of Self - Transcendence
Nursing Theory.net site on Self Transcendence
Link to article on Commentary about using Self Transcendence in Homeless Population
Link to abstract of article referencing Reed's Self Transcendence Scale
Martha Rogers: The Science of Unitary Human Beings
Washburn University ’s Martha Rogers’ page
Link to the Martha Rogers’ Collection at Bellevue Alumnae Center for Nursing History, Foundation of the New York State Nurses Association
Link to photographs and information of Martha Roger's gravesite
Roper, Logan and Tierney's Theory of Nursing
Bibliography, citations and case studies retrieved from J. Norris' website, 2003
Sister Callista Roy's Adaptation Model
Link to Lecture by Dr. Callista Roy at Clayton State University on May 1st, 2015 – Speaking on role of Nursing Knowledge and Role in Affordable Care Act, IOM Future of Nursing Campaign and Academy of Nursing Edge Runner Nurses
Dr. Eichelberger’s Interview with Sr. Callista Roy - Renown nurse theorist Sr. Callista Roy is interviewed by Dr. Lisa Wright Eichelberger, author of Understanding the work of nurse theorists: A creative beginning. 3rd edition May 1st, 2015 on the campus of Clayton State University
Reva Rubin – Theory of Maternal Identity
Interview with Rubin - Theorist Collection Helene Fuld VHS
Ruland and Moore's End of Life Theory
Ruland CM, Moore SM. Theory construction based on standards of care: a proposed theory of the peaceful end of life. Nurs Outlook. 1998; 46:169-175.
Synergy for Clinical Excellence: The AACN Synergy Model for Patient Care
Sonya Hardin, RN, PhD, CCRN, UNC Charlotte, & Roberta Kaplow, RN, PhD, CCRN, CCNS, AOCNS, DeKalb Medical Center
Van Sell and Kalofissudis's Complexity Nursing Theory
Work by Ioannis Kalofissudis RN of Athens, Greece and Dr. Sharon Van Sell of USA
Formulating Nursing Theory by Kalofissudis and Van Sell
Link to ON line Web Journal ICUs and Nursing Web Journal
Jean Watson's Theory of Caring
Theory Overview on Wiedenbach Page
Link to a list of Wiedenbach's Books
Wittmann-Price Theory of Emancipated Decision Making
Wittmann-Price Theory of Emancipated Decision-
Making (EDM) is a theoretical model for the nursing care of
women to increase women’s satisfaction with decision-making about healthcare issues.
Links to articles researching this theoretical model
Other On line Nursing Theory Resources
The Theory Web Page - International group interested in web sites for nursing theory
DVD CD-ROM Online Media Resources
Excellence in Action - These products can be purchased as DVD's or Online. They are designed to show nursing students how theories are applied in practice providing examples of how implementation can save money and increase efficiency.
Individual titles include: From Beginner to Expert: Clinical Knowledge in Critical Care
Self-Care Framework Model in Practice (Orem)
Adaptation Model in Practice
Electronic Nursing Resources
The Hardin Library for the Health Sciences Electronic Homepage has: Full text Journals, Subject-specific Web resources, Governmental and statistical resources, Medical databases, and more.
On Line Journals
Online Journal of Nursing free of charge
History of the Nursing Theory Page
This page was originally designed in Fall of 1996 by two undergraduate students at Clayton State University in Morrow, GA. as part of their Nursing Theory coursework. CSU was one of the first public universities to require laptop computers for all its undergraduate students and this project was a result of some of the technology skills developed during that process. I have revised, redone, edited and expanded the page since 1996. Lisa Eichelberger